Fast and Easy for beginners

1920 – la moda di Coco Chanel

Gabrielle “Coco” Bonheur Chanel (1883 –1971)changed fashion at the beginning of the 20th century. She was a French fashion designer, who made  simple and elegant dresses.   Her first achievement (raggiungimento) and creation was  the jersey fabric (stoffa jersey), a machine knit material (un tessuto fatto a macchina) manufactured for her by the firm Rodier usually for undergarments(biancheria) .  Coco created the…

la moda durante il primo conflitto mondiale

During the First world War clothing changes according to the necessities. Women were forced to to work and started wearing more comfortable clothes suited (adatti) to their everyday life. Colours became darker and the shapes (forme) became simpler because many of them had to go and visit wounded (feriti) people or /and go to funerals . Skirts became shorter –…

1910 – la moda sta cambiando

At the beginning of the 1910s gowns (vestiti) became agile, fluid and soft.  An example which inspired designers and stylists was the Ballet Scheherazade (Paris, 1910) which paved the way (preparò la strada)  to the oriental trend and consequently influenced fashion.  Paul Poiret was one of the first designers to adopt this trend into fashion. Women started wearing   flowing pantaloons (pantaloni…

le ragazze del nuovo secolo

Between the late decade of the 19thcentury and the early 20th century the ideal of feminine beauty was portrayed (ritratta) by  the satirical pen-and-ink figures (figure a penna e inchiostro) of  Charles Dana Gibson (1867 – 1944), an American illustrator. Tall and slim, with ample bosom (petto), hips (fianchi) and bottom (sedere): the Gibson Girls’ S shape  (forma ad S)silhouette…

gli uomini “vittoriani”

Victorian men’s fashion Usually gentlemen wore a coat, waistcoat or  vest, and hat.  . During the 1840’s with the opening of the trade with China, silk vests  (panciotti di seta) became important and quite inexpensive.  Toward the turn of the century (verso la fine delsecolo), wool and cotton vests became more common for daywear (abiti da giorno) as the three…

un famoso impermeabile – Macintosh

Charles Macintosh created his first raincoat in 1923 and soon it was named after him. The raincoat was made from rubberised or rubber (= gomma) laminated material (= materiale gommoso o laminato in gomma) In 1830 the Macintosh company merged (= si fuse) with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. They started producing every kind of coat with…

Naughty 1990 – la moda e il suo tempo

The late Victorian period is known in England as Naughty Nineties (I Terribili ‘90): it refers to an epoch  of fun loving (= divertimento amoroso) and laxity (= rilassatezza morale). In this decade  the artist Aubrey Bearsdley operated, Oscar Wilde wrote his witty (= sagaci)  plays, Arthur Lasenby Liberty built up his laboratory in Regent Street and the suffragette movements …

la moda femminile nel tardo vittoriano

Late Victorian Fashion – 1880s In the 1880s ladies’ fashion followed the direction of the previous decade: the skirtswere very rich at the back  (= ricche sul dietro) and were full over the bottom (= piene sul sedere)  and the corsets were rigid creating the S-shaped silhouette (= silhouette a forma di S) Skirts were arranged in various ways and…

English fashion in the 1860s

During the 1860s two important innovations affected (= influenzarono) seriously fashion: the invention of the sewing machine (= macchina da cucire) and the synthetic dyes ( colorazioni sintetiche) which created intense colours. Besides fashion started being designed (= disegnati). In the same period the crinoline (= crinoline, sottogonna rigida che rendeva gonfie le gonne) changed. Mr Charles Worth – the…

l’evoluzione della moda nel 1800 – stoffe e materiali

The rapid expansion of the cotton industry meant (= significò) that people no longer had to wear mainly woollen (= di lana) or linen (= di lino) clothes. In the 1840s Engels was convinced that this had led to a change for the worse (= al peggio). ‘The clothing of the working people of Manchester is in very bad condition,’…