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la riforma della moda femminile di metà 1800

In 1850s started a period of reform of clothing in articular for women. There was the need for a mor practical way of dressing . The reform started in New England where the social activist Elizabeth Smith Miller, called Libby Miller. Mrs Miller (1822 – 1911) was the daughter of abolitionists (= contro la schiavitù) Gerrit Smith and his second…

la moda Vittoriana – rispettabilità e prudery

That code (= codice) of strict propriety’ and respectability which is associated with the expression “Victorianism” was most faithfully (= fedelmente) obeyed by the middle class which the growth (= crescita) of trade made the most important part of nineteenth-century society. Above all they valued purity and “refinement”. The worst of the vices were coarseness and vulgarity. Not only was…

la moda a metà 1800 – ladies

In the 1850s, the skirts began even larger.  They had usually  three levels of flounces (= balze; deep ruffles), very tight at the top (= strette in cima). In 1856 it was introduced a steel cage crinoline (= gabbia di acciaio). The bodice ( =corpetti) were fastened (= legati) in back  with hooks (= ganci) and eyes (= occhielli) or…

Jane Eyre – quando uno stile rivela una personalità

Jane Eyre is described by Charlotte Brontë in the homonymous novel (1847) as a plain girl. Her appearance reveals an unpretentious (= non pretenziosa) and genuine personality. Her way of dressing is described all through (= in tutto) the book. Her dresses at Lowood and when she starts being a governess at Mr Rochester’s mansion (= palazzo) are simple, usually…

haistyle in early 1800 – la moda in testa nei primi dell’ 800

Women in early 1800 wore (to wear, wore, worn = indossare) large gowns (= vestiti), tight corsets (bodices = corpini stretti) and wide sleeve (= maniche)  which narrowed (= si stringevano) to the wrists (= polsi). And as to hair? Hair was parted (= divisi) in the middle; on both sides (= sui due lati) women wore elaborated curls (=…

Victorian fashion – la moda nei primi del 1800

The Victorian Era is the period during which Queen Victoria reigned in England (June 1837 – January 1901). Clothing was increasingly (= sempre più) factory-made  and sold in large, fixed price department stores (= fatto in fabbrica e venduto in grandi negozi a prezzo fisso). Custom sewing and home sewing (= il cucito a casa e in fabbrica) progressively declined…

uniformi americane – American Revolution

On March 23, 1779, the Continental Congress, authorized Commander in Chief (= comandante in capo) George Washington to fix the colours and cut (= taglio) of the uniforms of the troops during the American Revolution (1775 – 1783). Blue was  the basic colour for all with distinctive differences in linings (= interni)  and facings (=risvolti) for the various regiments and…

americani e indiani – interscambio di costumi

Native American clothing depended on the area they lived. America Indian hairstyle (= stile di acconciatura) varied. We usually think of them with  feathered eagle-feather warbonnet (= copricapo da guerra con piume d’aquila), by their headdress (= copricapo) depended on the tribes or clans they belonged to(= a cui appartenevano) . There was not a Native American haircut but a Blackfoot…

American Indian clothing – prima della colonizzazione gli indiani vestivano così

In most tribes, Native American men wore breechclouts or breechcloths (fig.) : it was a  long rectangular piece of cloth put over a belt (= cintura) , so that the flaps fell down in front and behind. In colder climates it  had attached leather (= pelle) leggings (= fig.) . In some tribes men wore a short kilt or fur…

Jane Austen e la moda

The French Revolution marked a radical shift (= cambiamento) from the elegant, wide-skirted brocade gowns (= vestito ampio di broccato): the gowns became simpler, narrower, and more vertical. It was a very radical change which can be compared only to the change in period of the jazz age over a century later. Jane Austen in her books wrote about women’s…