Celti e Sassoni a tavola….food and drink

Celts and Saxons at the table 

The Celts based their cuisine around meat and potatoes. They cooked and served  them  in a variety of ways:  boiled, poached, baked and stewed. It also includes many spicy and aromatic dishes that utilize gourmet cheeses, bacon and lamb.

As to the  Anglo-Saxons, most of them  were mainly vegetarian. Rich Saxons ate  red meat that they grew or hunted. Both liked pork,  beef and mutton.

Poor Saxons ate chicken, bacon and pork sausage, they got protein from chicken, duck and  goose eggs, butter, cheese and fish, some imported from Norway.

Barley was  in common  both in British and Saxon diets; later they grew  wheat. They used them to make bread and beer. Celtic loaves were round and flat; the Saxons made small and round loaves, the cakes that King Alfred loved .

The main vegetable that Saxons ate was the leek, but they also liked onions, garlic, cabbages, turnips, beetroot, parsnips, white carrots, peas and beans.

As these vegetables were not very tasty, rich Saxons used to savour them with pepper, coriander and ginger. The other herbs were used in medicine.

There was no sugar, so they used honey as a sweetener. Salt came from the salt mines in Worcestershire.

Fruit, of course, was always popular: apples, pears, plums, cherries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries and grapes.

As only water from springs was safe to drink,  so most people, including children,  drank beer.; some  people drank milk from cows and sheep. Celts liked cider.

Probably rich Saxons imported wine from Rome also after the Roman army left.

meat: carne

potatoes: patate

poached: stufate

stewed: stufato
spicy. speziato
gourmet: da buongustaio
bacon: pancetta
lamb: agnello
grew: da grow, crescere. allevare
hunted: da hunt, cacciare
pork: maiale (cotto)
beef: manzo
mutton: montone
chicken: pollo
duck: anatra
goose: oca
barley: orzo
wheat: grano
loaves (loaf, sing.): pagnotta
pepper: pepe
coriander: coriandolo

ginger: zenzero
honey: miele

sweetener: dolcificante

cider: sidro

army : esercito