The Buccaneers were pirates and privateers (nel blog precedente) who controlled the West Indies, and attacked Spanish ships in the
Caribbean. The term buccaneer is an anglicized word. It derives from the west Indian word buccan, a wooden structure (= struttura di legno) to roast meat (= per arrostire la carne) Boucanier literally means “someone who makes smoke”. Buccaneers or the Brothers of the Coast, were mainly French sailors that left hard discipline of ships and settled (went to live = si stabilirono) in the numerous small islands of the Caribbean. They hunted (= cacciavano) pigs and barbecued or “smoked” them. When their numbers were small, ignored them. But soon after Spain Spain wanted to take possession of the Caribbean islands and started to kill them. For England it was easy for to convince them to become her Privateers and to fight against their common enemy. England
One of the most famous English buccaneer leaders was Admiral Sir Henry Morgan. He worked at the service of the governor of
and later became lieutenant governor of the island. Jamaica
The Corsairs were Muslim or Christian pirates. They operate in the
Mediterranean from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries.
The Barbary Corsairs were Muslim from the North African states of
Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli and . Their government authorised them to attack the ships of Christian countries. Morocco
The Maltese Corsairs were Christian authorized by the Christian Knights of
to attack the ‘barbarian’ Turks. St John
Corsaire was also the term used by the French for what in English was a privateer. They were active in the
Mediterranean from around the 11th century to the 1800s.