avventure e storie di mare nel 1700 – Tobias Smollett

Tobias George Smollett (1721-1771)  joined (= si arruolò) the navy and sailed to the West Indies aboard HMS Chichester as surgeon’s mate (= aiutante chirurgo) (1741). His experiences provided him with material for some of his books. While in Jamaica he met Anne Lassells and married her in the early 1740s. Then he established in London where he began his career as surgeon London and  started publishing his books. The first was the much-admired poem “The Tears of Scotland” in 1746 followed by  a series historical, critical, journalistic and fictional work of fiction. In 1748 he wrote  The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748), one of his most famous adventure novels.  After his only child’s death, Smollett left for France and then Italy with his wife. He returned to England only in 1766 with a lot material and ideas for his next works:  one of them is Travels in France and Italy (1766), an analysis of French and Italian society at times sharp (= acuta)  and prejudiced (= piena di pregiudizi) and often very entertaining. Smollett’s attitude (0atteggiamento)  induced L. Sterne to describe him as “the learned Smelfungus” in his Sentimental Journey (1768).

He continued visiting Italy in the following years and died at Monte Nero, near Leghorn in 1771. Before dying he wrote the epistolary novel  The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker (1771) about the adventures of a family party travelling through England and Scotland

He is buried in the EnglishCemetery in Leghorn.