Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790) after a period of apprenticeship (= apprendistato) as a printer (= stampatore), started The New England Courant together with his brother James. It was the first newspaper in
with articles, opinion pieces written by James’s friends, advertisements, and news about ships departures and arrivals. .
Soon Ben got fame (= divenne) writing letters with the name of a fictional widow (= vedova immaginaria) , Silence Dogood, who was very critical of the world around her, particularly about women problem and how they were treate (=trattate). In
he started his own printing business (= tipografia) and, in 1730, together with his wife, Deborah Read, he created a print shop, and a book store. In 1729, Philadelphia bought a newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette where the first political cartoon appeared, written by Ben himself.
Meanwhile (= nel frattempo)
Franklin continued his civic contributions (= contributi sociali): he launched (= lanciò) projects for an environmental clean (= pulizia dell’ambiente) and for the illumination of Philadelphia‘s streets; he helped to launch the American Philosophical Society, the first learned society in America; he formed the Pennsylvania Hospital; he organized ‘s Union Fire Company and helped to found the Philadelphia Contribution for Insurance Against Loss by Fire (= Asssicurazione per gli incendi). All these institutions still exist.
In the early 1750’s he turned to the study of electricity. His observations, including his kite experiment verified the nature of electricity and lightning and brought
In the 1750s politics attracted his interest and he went to
England to represent . Pennsylvania Georgia, New Jersey and .
started working for American independence after the “Hutchinson Affair.” Thomas Hutchinson was a governor of Franklin Massachusetts appointed by the English government who pretended (= faceva finta) to take the side of the people of , but was actually (= in realtà) working for the King.
he became President of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and wrote an anti-slavery treatise in 1789.