Another country colonized by English people was
. This island was populated by fishing and hunting people of East Polynesian ancestry (the Moa-hunters) perhaps 1,000 years before Europeans arrived. Some of the Maoris called this homeland “Aotearoa,” usually translated as “land of the long white cloud.” New Zealand
In 1642, Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, made the first recorded European sketch (= schizzo) of the two main islands’ west coasts. English Captain James Cook thoroughly explored the coastline (1769). In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the possibility of seal hunting (= cacciare le foche) , and whaling (= andare a pesca di balene) attracted a few European settlers to
. In 1840, the New Zealand established British sovereignty through the Treaty of Waitangi signed that year with Maori chiefs. United Kingdom
In the same year, groups from the
began the colonization process. These new European settlements led to conflict with Maori (the Maori land wars, 1860s). British and colonial forces finally overcame (= sopraffecero) Maori resistance. During this period, many Maori died from disease (= malattie) and during the battles. United Kingdom
Constitutional government began to develop in the 1850s. In 1867, the Maori won the right to a certain number of reserved seats in Parliament. During this period, the farm animal industry began to expand, and the foundations of
‘s modern economy took shape (= prese forma). By the end of the 19th century, improvement (= miglioramento) in transport made possible a great overseas (= oltremare) trade in wool, meat, and dairy products (= prodotti caseari).