John Thomas Baines(1820 –1875) was another English artist and explorer who painted
He mainly explored and painted southern Africa and
After a period apprenticed to a coach painter (pittore viaggiante), at 22 Baines left
Englandfor aboard ( a bordo di) the “Olivia”. In South Africa he worked for a while as a scenic and portrait (ritratti) artist, and as official war artist during the so-called Eighth Frontier War for the British Army.
In 1855 Baines joined (si unì a) Augustus Gregory’s 1855–1857 Royal Geographical Society expedition across northern
. Their purpose (scopo) was to explore the area around Australia Victoria River in the north-west and the entire northern area of to check the suitability (adattabilità) for colonial settlements. During these expedition his contribution was so important that Australia Mount Bainesand the were named after (furono chiamati in suo onore) him.
In 1858 Baines was together with David Livingstone along the Zambezi, and was one of the first white men to view
Victoria Falls. In 1869 Baines led one of the first gold expeditions to Mashonaland, later named .
From 1861 to 1862 Baines and James Chapman led an expedition to
South West Africa. During the mission they took photographs, made paintings and wrote comments then published by Chapman in Travels in the Interior of South Africa (1868) and Baines’ Explorations in South-West Africa (1864) – books that supply different perspectives on the same trip.
In 1870 Baines was on a trip between the Gweru and Hunyani rivers to explore for gold.
He died in
Durban in 1875.