August Rodin, Il Pensatore
Techniques used by T. S. Eliot in his poems:
– The Objective Correlative
T. S. Eliot defined this term in his essay (saggio) Hamlet and His Problems (1919): he only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an Objective Correlative; in other words, a set of objects (un gruppo di), a situation, a chain (catena) of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion; such that (tale che) when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked.
– The Dramatic Monologue
It is a kind of poem in which a single person, not the poet, is speaking. The speaker expresses his/her feelings to a silent listener (ascoltatore silenzioso) that is evidently present. The monologue is dramatic because it is theatrical . Usually these poems are rich in dramatic irony because the narrator reveals unconsciously his real self (il proprio io) or his personality.