il cinema – gli esordi

At the beginning of the 20th century a new media changed almost totally the cultural scene: the cinema. Photographic, scientific and technological experiments in Britain clearly evidence that Britons were directly involved (coinvolti) in the complex pre-history of cinema in the late nineteenth century. Britain introduced the cinema as a public spectacle in February 1896, two months after the first public exhibition of films in Paris by the Lumière Brothers. The first motion two-colour pictures were shown (mostrate) in a London theatre in 1909 – only in 1930 the American Firm Technicolour developed a full colour film. The English Friese-Greene (1855-1921) introduced one of the best film cameras. As to (per ciò che riguarda) film production there were few notable directors. Cecil Hepworth (1874- 1953), who came to moving pictures from a background of Magic Lanterns, is the most important among the pioneers (pionieri) with the short film Alice in Wonderland (1903) and Rescued by Rover (1905), a dog that helps the police find a kidnapped (rapito) child in a picturesque London. Shortly before the First World War the filmmakers (creatori di film) began producing longer narrative films, the “feature films”, usually dramatic adaptations of “classic” literary sources (fonti) such as Henry VIII, Oliver Twist that attracted middle class audience into the cinema.