In the sixties a number of American filmmakers worked in
including Fred Zinneman (1907 – 1997), Sidney Lumet (1924 – 2011), Stanley Donen (1924-) and John Huston (1906–1987). Joseph Losey (1909–1984) came to Britain Britainin the fifties as a refugee from the communist witch-hunts in . He started a working relationship with the playwright Harold Pinter (1930-2008) and their partnership produced The Servant (1963), Accident (1967) and The Go-Between (1971). Stanley Kubrick (1928–1996), an American director, writer, producer, and photographer of films, lived in England during most of the last 40 years of his career and made Lolita (1962), and subsequently Dr. Strangelove (1964), 2001 – A Space Odyssey (1966) and A Clockwork Orange (1971) amongst others. Another American expatriate, Richard Lester (1932 -), directed the Beatles’ films A Hard Days Night (1964) and Help! (1965), and later, in the seventies, made a version of the famous English legend of Robin Hood: Robin and Marian (1976). Also a number of distinguished European directors made films in Hollywood . These included Roman Polanski (1933 – ) Repulsion (1964) and Cul-de-Sac(1966- ), Francois Truffaut (1932 – 1984) Fahrenheit 451 (1966), Michelangelo Antonioni (1912–2007) Blow-Up (1966) and Jean-Luc Godard(1930-) One Plus One (1968). By the mid-sixties television itself had developed a generation of filmmakers who began to find their way into film industry. These include Ken Russell (1927-2011) with his spectacular, outrageous style and his frequently risqué subject matter, Ken Loach (1936-) and Peter Watkins (1935-), whose films reflect the British cinema’s received traditions of realism and social commitment.